Esfahan's metro finally opened in October 2015.
The starter system consists of two lines: Line 1 is 12.5 km, 12 km of which is in tunnel, and has15 stations, all underground. From Azadi station Line 2 starts underground and immediately after leaving the station rusn on the surface towards the south-west as a regional light rail line. The total length of this line will be 43 km (0.7 km underground and 9.6 km elevated) with 13 stations. Ultimately, five lines are scheduled forthe system. Line one opened in 2012, just ten years after the original scheduled opening.
Construction on the Esfahan
(Isfahan) Urban Railway began in 2001 and was scheduled to open in 2005.
As of November 2007, construction continues. Why the delay? The
majority of the line was designed to go down the center of Charbagh
Street, whose bed is primarily stone. Unfortunately, drilling through this
bed would cause cracks in some of the city's major buildings. If this
weren't enough, the tunneling could put the entire city at risk as water
from the Zayandeh Rud River would re-route itself under the city.
The soil covering the surface layer of Chahar-Bagh Street, being
very sandy, would likely result in sinking of the earth due to
digging a tunnel under it. Just a week before in late June 2006, a subway
tunnel had collapsed, killing one construction worker. To top it off,
concerns were made about the possible damage to historical items, such as
the the Safavid stone water fountains in Chahar Bagh Street. Since proper
approval from Iranís Cultural Heritage and Tourism Organization was never
received as it was supposed to, construction on the metro was
In January 2007, a resolution was made to reroute the metro
away from Chahar-Bagh Street. But in 2010, two years from the metro's new scheduled opening, a rogue tunnel boring machine strayed and ran into a 400 year old bridge. Desperate to curb criticism, the construction company's PR person, said to be a relative of Iraq's former information
minister, led a group of reporters and cultural enthusiasts to the alleged spot to assure them that no damage was done. However, they were apparently taken to the east end of the bridge, away from the west end, where the damage was actually done. The official now works for Iran's nuclear
program guiding UN and IAEC inspectors throughout Iran's many peaceful nuclear facilities.